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The emergency package which can save your life in disaster

March 24, 2011

Due to a series of disasters caused by the 9.0 earthquake in Japan, people start to think about the importance of being prepared for danger. While disaster happens, most of people run out of the house without anything. It is hard to survive in the bad environment like that. That’s why we keep telling people the essential of the emergency package.

Here are the items that you should definitely put them in the package.

  1. Water. About 3~5 bottles.
  2. Preserved food, nutrition stick or something can be preserved for a while.
  3. knife
  4. Small radio (works with battery), in some situation, radio is very helpful.
  5. Flashlight. The brightness and run time are very important. They can help you to see clearly in the night. But the most important is that it is has to be waterproof, otherwise it is helpless while the flood disaster comes.
  6. Medication. Of course, just prepare some simple medication.
  7. Clothes.

 

The emergency package should be put some place that you can easily to get. For example you can put it in the closet near the door or under the bed. Remember to check the expiration date for the food, the medication and the battery every three months. In case that the something happens, you won’t worry about you have nothing.

1.     Water. About 3~5 bottles.

2.     Preserved food, nutrition stick or something can be preserved for a while.

3.     knife

4.     Small radio (works with battery), in some situation, radio is very helpful.

5.     Flashlight. The brightness and run time are very important. They can help you to see clearly in the night. But the most important is that it is has to be waterproof, otherwise it is helpless while the flood disaster comes.

6.     Medication. Of course, just prepare some simple medication.

7.     Clothes.

 

The emergency package should be put some place that you can easily to get. For example you can put it in the closet near the door or under the bed. Remember to check the expiration date for the food, the medication and the battery every three months. In case that the something happens, you won’t worry about you have nothing.

 

緊急逃生背包實作教學

 

日本發生9.0大地震,引起的海嘯與核能電廠危機直到今天都尚未解除。一洋之隔的台灣雖然並沒有受到波及,但這樣的警告卻提醒了我們居安思危的重要,尤其看到日本新聞畫面,災難來的時候很多人根本沒時間準備就衝出去了,我想這也是為什麼許多防災宣導中都由提到家中要準備急難逃生包的重要性。

所謂的「緊急逃生背包」並不是會噴火或是可以當降落傘使用,而是將生存與求生必須的物資、工具先行放入背包中,使災難發生時可迅速帶著求生背包逃離,提高獲救機率。曾經在國軍特戰單位服役過,在每次野外訓練中最重要的一項準備工作就是「打背包」。在這裡就簡單整理一下,教大家如何花小錢準備一個非常精實好用的「緊急逃生背包」!

首先,建議大家找一個較大的雙肩背包( 雙肩背包在逃難時可以讓你的雙手空下來做其他的事),並最好符合下列條件:

1.主體以帆布或尼龍等堅固的布料製成。
2.各背帶處最好有特殊縫線補強
3.有腰部與胸部固定帶者為佳
4.分隔的口袋都有拉鍊者為佳

接著,在去超市買一種超堅韌的黑色大垃圾袋(就是營業用的那種,大家應該有看過)。
接著把垃圾袋打開來,開口朝上,直接套進背包中成為內袋,調整袋內使其與背包形狀服貼。然後就可以開始把求生的物品放進去,每個人的需求可能不同,但以下是我建議一定要放的東西:

1.數瓶礦泉水。

2.至少3天份的乾糧(很硬的那種營養口糧,請勿放麵包進去)

3.高能量補給食品(營養棒、巧克力,建議多放些阿華田粉末隨身包,其小小一包攜帶方便且營養豐富可迅速恢復體力,最重要是直接倒進嘴裡口味還不錯)

4.輕便雨衣(體積小,重量輕,可以遮風擋雨,必要時還可以作為取水的工具。)

5.LED手電筒與該乾電池(最好是買支援CR 123A電池的手電筒)

6.螢光棒

7.哨子 (當你連喊救命的力氣都沒有的時候,只能靠它了)

8.超級小刀(如果有瑞士刀或專業求生刀更好)

9.乾燥的衣物

10.兩條繩子 (一定用的到)

11.防風打火機

12.口袋型收音機

13.簡易消毒水(雙氧水、紅藥水、碘酒等)

14.有老人家可準備慢性病備用藥品(留意保存期限並隨時更新)

15.如果有小孩可準備尿布、幼童衣物、奶粉及退燒塞劑

16.頭燈一個(手電筒之外備用一個頭燈及備用電池、應付照明需求)

17.女用衛生棉(這東西在災區可是很搶手的)

整齊放好以後,將塑膠袋口向上拉起,然後…打個死結!(很扎實的那種死結)
再塞回背包內並扣上背包就完成了。

◎逃生包可放在床底下、床頭櫃或大門旁櫃子
◎建議家人各自準備、依嬰幼童及老人家個人所需物品一人準備一包為宜
◎重量約以5~ 8公斤,幼童及老人家是個人情況調整內容物
◎食物與飲水和備用藥品皆有保存期限,每隔一個月或三個月檢查一次,幼童保暖衣物也要視情況更換尺寸
◎在賣場或購物網站可買到廠商專賣的逃生包、內容物多以火災應對為主,建議以其為基礎再視個人需求增添逃災用品

接著我要告訴大家那個垃圾袋的功能可不是僅僅為了防水而已。一旦遇到水災時把你淹沒時,背包內的垃圾袋會成為一個氣囊,向上浮起。

根據之前在部隊的使用經驗,雖然內部裝了很多東西,但剩餘的空氣仍然足以支撐一個成年男性以雙手攙扶,浮在水面上(像使用浮板那樣)爭取救援。同時,由於氣囊有背包的外層保護,不易破損,並保護內部物品不浸濕。特戰部隊會用數個這樣的背包搭配樹枝或結構,運送武器與傷患渡河。

打包好了以後,就把它放在門口附近以備不時之需,但別忘了每年要檢查更新裡面的物品喔!

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